New treatments introduced in the early to mid-1990s have led to improved health and quality of life for many people with HIV/AIDS. These increased health and quality of life improvements have prompted some to consider workforce reentry.
The purpose of the paper is to provide an overview of the work done in the three study projects to assist people with HIV/AIDS in reentering the workforce.
The setting was various community mental health centers.
Three projects were undertaken. The first included a series of focus groups of people with HIV/AIDS that had contemplated going back to work and a survey of HIV/AIDS case management clients. The second project was a 5 year demonstration program to integrate vocational rehabilitation services, psychosocial care, and HIV treatment. The program accepted referrals from community agencies in the Long Beach area of Los Angeles County. The third project was a clinical trial of an intervention to address issues observed in the demonstration project.
Participants are followed for 24 months by a case manager to gather employment data.
The intervention was vocational rehabilitation and job training services in conjunction with HIV/AIDS related services.
The control group received standard treatment conditions available in the community.
Of the first forty-seven people randomized into the enhanced condition, over a third have made some measurable progress. The return to work rates of the two conditions have not been compared yet.
There is a continued need for workforce reentry services for individuals with HIV/AIDS.