Implementing supported employment as an evidence-based practice
|Authors:||Bond, G. R., Campbell, K., & Drake, R.|
|Publisher||American Psychiatric Association|
The implementation of evidence-based practices in support of people with mental illness is considerably behind "state of the art knowledge" (p. 313). Supported employment is one of those practices.
The intent of the paper was to "to familiarize clients, families, clinicians, administrators, and mental health policy makers with supported employment; to review the findings and limitations of current research; and to discuss implementation issues, including availability, barriers, and strategies" (p. 313).
This study is a systematic review. The included studies were undertaken in various locations and settings.
The study sample included the findings from eight randomized controlled trials and three quasi-experimental studies. All studies related to individuals with severe mental illness.
A review of literature, including recent studies, was conducted to provide a comprehensive discussion of supported employment.
Control conditions varied across the studies. Conditions included Group skills training, enhanced vocational rehabilitation, psychosocial rehabilitation, diversified placement, train-place, sheltered workshop, brokered vocational rehabilitation, and traditional vocational services.
The following components "are almost always present in successful vocational programs" (p. 315):
Limitations of supported employment are:
Supported employment offers improved employment outcomes across many settings and populations. However, overcoming employment barriers to ensure supported employment services are widely available is critical.
|Populations||Hispanic or Latino | Black / African American | White / Caucasian | Male & Female|
|Outcomes||Employment acquisition | Increase in tenure | Return to work|
|NIDILRR Funded||Not Reported|
|Research Design||Systematic reviews and meta-analysis|