The National Council on Disability noted that the number of persons with disabilities in the United States is increasing and that this is because our population is aging, and rates of disability increase with age.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the translation of positive research findings about a job retention intervention for persons with chronic illnesses to rehabilitation practice.
The setting was various rehabilitation counseling agencies.
The study sample included 57 individuals with chronic illness.
Data was collected by telephone within two weeks of the last meeting with the counselor and again at 6 months.
Job retention intervention that included: vocational counseling and guidance, job accommodation, and educational and self-advocacy.
There was no control or comparison condition.
Follow-up data indicated that the interventions should be more individualized. Short term outcomes evaluated in this study showed that consumer participants experienced significant improvement in awareness and confidence in ability to manage health related work problems and took actions recommended by the counselors.
The results indicate that job retention interventions can be effective when carried out in practice at the community level.