Supported employment is considered to be an evidence-based practice for people with psychiatric disabilities. The rate of competitive employment within supported employment programs is three times higher than those in other programs.
The purpose of the study was to review the outcomes of supported employment 10 years after an initial demonstration project.
The setting included two rural rehabilitative day centers in New Hampshire that became Individual Placement and Support model centers.
The sample included 20 participants in the 1990 Lebanon group and 24 participants in the 1992 Claremont group; a total of 36 were in the follow-up study 10 years later.
A semi-structured interview was developed, which included open-ended questions. Open-ended questions were transferred into structured ratings
The intervention was the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment.
There was no control or comparison condition.
Seventy percent of the participants had had some type of competitive employment. Eighty eight percent (N=17) were employed at the time of the study.
The study concluded that supported employment is a viable option for people with psychiatric disorders. Further study is needed to determine is self-sufficiency is a realistic goal given that many people don't consider self-sufficiency as a goal to reach when obtaining competitive employment.