Rehab rounds: Supplementing supported employment with workplace skills training.

Authors: Wang, P., Simon, G., Avorn, J., Azocar, F., Ludman, E., McCulloch, J., Petukhova, M., & Kessler, R.
Year Published 2004
Publication Psychiatric Services
Volume 55
Number 5
Pages 513-515
Publisher American Psychiatric Publishing

Supported Employment for persons with serious and persistent mental illness has been termed Individual Placement and Support. In two randomized controlled trials clients who received Individual Placement and Support services were more likely to obtain at least one job in the competitive sector and to work more hours, and to have a higher total income than their counterparts who received more traditional types of vocational rehabilitation. However, individual placement and support did not improve the length of time the employed participants kept their jobs.


The purpose of this report is to present the preliminary results of a randomized comparison of the workplace fundamental skills module's effects on job retention, symptoms, and community functioning when coupled with individual placement and support.


The setting was a community mental health center and various places of employment.


The study sample included 42 individuals with a diagnosed mental health disorders.

Data Collection

Data was collected about job acquisition, hours worked, wage and job retention.


The control condition was Individual Placement and Support only.


Thirty-four individuals, 17 in each group were employed during the project. There was no significant difference in the hours worked or the earnings for the two groups. The control group held significantly more jobs than the group receiving both modalities indicating there was significantly more job turnover in the group that received individual placement and support only.


The most relevant finding from the study was the greater job retention among the participants who received the combination of individual placement and support and the workplace fundamental skills module.

Disabilities Emotional disturbance
Populations Male & Female
Outcomes Employment acquisition | Wages
Research Design Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs)
Peer Reviewed No